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i3upgrade aims at the intelligent and integrated upgrade of carbon sources in steel industries through hydrogen intensified synthesis processes. In contrast to established synthesis processes, the project targets direct methanation and methanol synthesis of by-products in steel works under dynamic and transient conditions being operated by advanced control strategies. Agent-based modelling demonstrates the opportunities for reduction of CO2 emissions in steel works in the framework of emerging volatile markets. The final proof-of-concept of the new control strategies will be performed with real bottled steel mill gases as well as with a complex gas matrix from an existing gasifier.

Overall approach of i³upgrade: Comparison of schematic carbon flows inside an integrated steel works at the state-of-the-art (left) and the approach in i³upgrade (right) with carbon upgrade through hydrogen intensified synthesis

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The original research article on "Valorization of stee-works off-gases: Influence of impurities on the performance of Cu-based methanol synthesis catalyst" has been published by Eleni Heracleous et al. in the Elsevier journal Chemical Engineering Journal. Open access is possible via the Elsevier Web...

Two new original research articles have been published in the Matériaux & Techniques' special issue 'Overview, state of the art, recent developments and future trends regarding hydrogen route for a green steel making process'. The articles "Hydrogen role in the valorization of integrated steelwo...