i3upgrade aims at the intelligent and integrated upgrade of carbon sources in steel industries through hydrogen intensified synthesis processes. In contrast to established synthesis processes, the project targets direct methanation and methanol synthesis of by-products in steel works under dynamic and transient conditions being operated by advanced control strategies. Agent-based modelling demonstrates the opportunities for reduction of CO2 emissions in steel works in the framework of emerging volatile markets. The final proof-of-concept of the new control strategies will be performed with real bottled steel mill gases as well as with a complex gas matrix from an existing gasifier.

Overall approach of i³upgrade: Comparison of schematic carbon flows inside an integrated steel works at the state-of-the-art (left) and the approach in i³upgrade (right) with carbon upgrade through hydrogen intensified synthesis


On 29th - 30th January 2020, the i3upgrade consortium met to discuss the latest results and emerging issues of the project. Representatives of all project partners accepted the invitation of Air Liquide f&E (ALFE) to Frankfurt, so that in addition to constructive discussions, decisions and coord...

The project consortium of i³upgrade came together from 11th to 12th July 2019 in Pisa for a meeting to get the recent status from all working groups and to discuss the further course of action. Constructive discussions supplemented the presentations of the individual partners. The comparison with th...